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Tăng band điểm IELTS Writing với 23 giới từ cực formal

Khi ôn luyện IELTS, các bạn luôn trăn trở làm sao để có thể cải thiện band điểm IELTS Writing của mình. Trong bài viết này, Oxford English UK sẽ chia sẻ với các bạn 23 giới từ từ cơ bản đến nâng cao. Nếu biết cách áp dụng đúng, các bạn có thể nâng band điểm IELTS Writing của mình lên tới 7.0 đấy nhé.  

  1. Atop: On top of, at the top of
    Nghĩa: Thêm vào đó
    Example: Fruit and vegetable prices rose 1.3 per cent atop a 2 per cent gain last month.
  2. Beneath: Có hai nghĩa tất cả
    In or to a lower position than somebody/something; under somebody/something
    Nghĩa: Dưới 1 cái gì đó
    Example: They found the body buried beneath a pile of leaves.

Not good enough for somebody
Example: He considers such jobs beneath him.

  1. Beside:Từ này cũng có hai nghĩa

Next to or at the side of somebody/something
Nghĩa: Bên cạnh
Example:  He sat beside her all night.

Compared with somebody/something
Nghĩa: So với cái gì đó
Example: My painting looks childish beside yours.

  1. Besides

In addition to somebody/something; apart from somebody/something
Nghĩa: Ngoài ra
Example: Besides working as a doctor, he also writes novels in his spare time.

  1. Beyond

On or to the further side of something
Nghĩa: phía xa
Example:  The road continues beyond the village up into the hills.

Later than a particular time
Nghĩa: muộn hơn 1 khoảng tgian
Example: I know what I’ll be doing for the next three weeks but I haven’t thought beyond that.

More than something
Nghĩa: Nhiều hơn gì đó
Example:  Our success was far beyond what we thought possible.

Used to say that something is not possible
Nghĩa: Cái gì đó vượt khỏi khả năng
Example: The situation is beyond our control.

  1. Concerning

About something, involving somebody/something
Nghĩa: Liên quan tới gì đó
Example:  All cases concerning children are dealt with in a special children’s court.

  1. Considering

Used to show that you are thinking about a particular fact, and are influenced by it, when you make a statement about something
Nghĩa: cân nhắc về một vấn đề nào đó
Example: Considering he has only just started, he knows quite a lot about it.

  1. Despite/In spite of

Used to show that something happened or is true although something else might have happened to prevent it
Nghĩa: Mặc dù
Example: Despite applying for hundreds of jobs, he is still out of work.

  1. Except/Except for/Apart from/Aside from

Used before mentioning the only thing or person about which a statement is not true
Nghĩa: Ngoại trừ
Example: We work every day except Sunday.

  1. Excluding

Not including
Nghĩa: Ngoại trừ
Example:  Lunch costs 10 dollars per person, excluding drinks.

  1. Following

After or as a result of a particular event
Nghĩa: Kết quả
Example: He took charge of the family business following his father’s death.

  1. Given

When you consider something
Nghĩa: Khi cân nhắc cái gì đó
Example: Given his age (Considering how old he is), he is remarkably active.

  1. Including

Having something as part of a group or set
Nghĩa: bao gồm
Example: Six people were killed in the riot, including a policeman.

  1. Notwithstanding

Without being affected by something; despite something
Nghĩa: Mặc dù
Example:  Notwithstanding some financial problems, the club has had a successful year.

  1. Onto

Used with verbs to express movement on or to a particular place or position
Nghĩa: lên trên
Example: She stepped down from the train onto the platform.

Used to show that something faces in a particular direction
Nghĩa: Hướng về phía
Example:  The window looked out onto the terrace.

  1. Opposite

On the other side of a particular area from somebody/something, and usually facing them
Nghĩa: Đối diện
Example: The bank is opposite the supermarket.

Acting in a film or plays as the partner of somebody
Example:  She starred opposite Tom Hanks.

  1. Past

Later than something
Nghĩa: Muộn hơn
Example: It was past midnight when we got home.

On or to the other side of somebody/something
Example: He hurried past them without stopping.

Above or further than a particular point or stage
Example: Unemployment is now past the 3 million mark.

  1. Per

Used to express the cost or amount of something for each
Nghĩa: Mỗi
Example: This country has a higher crime rate per 100,000 of the population than most other European countries.

  1. Regarding

Concerning/about somebody/something
Nghĩa: Liên quan tới
Example: She has said nothing regarding your request.

  1. Respecting/With respect to

Nghĩa: Liên quan tới
Example: information respecting the child’s whereabouts

  1. Throughout

In or into every part of something
Nghĩa: Khắp, suốt
Example: They export their products to markets throughout the world.

During the whole period of time of something
Nghĩa: trong suốt
Example: The museum is open daily throughout the year.

  1. Towards

In the direction of somebody/something
Nghĩa: Về hướng
Example:They were heading towards the German border.

Getting closer to achieve something
Nghĩa: Về hướng
Example:This is a first step towards political union.

Close or closer to a point in time
Nghĩa: gần thời điểm
Example: towards the end of April

In relation to somebody/something
Nghĩa: Liên quan đến
Example: He was tender and warm towards her.

  1. Within

Before a particular period of time has passed; during a particular period of time
Nghĩa: trong khoảng thời gian
Example: Two elections were held within the space of a year.

Not further than a particular distance from something
Nghĩa: Trong khoảng cách
Example:  a house within a mile of the station

Inside somebody/something
Nghĩa: Bên trong cái gì
Example: There is discontent within the farming industry



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