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In the English language, each part of speech has a distinct role and function in constructing complete sentences. Grasping these parts of speech is essential for using sentences correctly and forms the basis for enhancing one’s English language proficiency. This knowledge also instills confidence and facilitates progress in mastering the language. In this article, Oxford English UK will provide a comprehensive understanding of identifying parts of speech in English. Let’s explore this topic!

  1. Parts of Speech in English:

Parts of speech play a crucial role in English pronunciation

When learning English, understanding parts of speech is important, especially for accurate pronunciation using the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). Each part of speech indicates a word’s meaning and grammatical function within sentences. A single word can serve multiple parts of speech.

Comprehending parts of speech enables learners to accurately determine a word’s meaning from the dictionary. It also aids in analyzing and constructing complete sentences. Furthermore, improving listening and speaking skills in English becomes more effective with a solid grasp of parts of speech.

  1. The Eight Main Parts of Speech in English:

English has eight primary parts of speech

2.1. Noun

A noun is a word used to indicate a person, place, thing, event, etc. It typically follows articles like “the, a, an” and demonstrative pronouns like “this, that, these, those,” or quantifiers. In a sentence, a noun can fulfill various roles, such as the subject, object, or complement.


Part of speech: cat, city, house, flower,…

Sentence: The cat with black fur

2.2. Verb

A verb is a word used to express actions, emotions, or states of the subject. Verbs can take different forms to convey the tense of a sentence.


Part of speech: learn, read, listen, work,…

Sentence: I work in this factory.

2.3. Adverb

An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or the entire sentence. Adverbs in English can also be phrases containing other parts of speech.


Part of speech: usually, slowly, tomorrow, yesterday,…

Sentence: She usually goes swimming on Sundays.

2.4. Adjective

An adjective is a word used to describe the state, characteristic, or quality of a person, thing, event, etc. Essentially, adjectives clarify the attributes of nouns or pronouns in a sentence.


Part of speech: red, long, beautiful, attractive,…

Sentence: She is a lovely girl.

2.5. Pronoun

Pronouns are divided into five types: personal pronouns, reflexive pronouns, indefinite pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, and possessive pronouns. They all serve the common purpose of substituting for nouns to avoid repetition.


Part of speech: I, they, we, she, he,…

Sentence: Nam is ten years old. He is a primary school student.

2.6. Preposition

Prepositions are words used to indicate the relationship between two different nouns in a sentence. Prepositions are usually followed by a noun, verb-ing, or noun phrases, forming a prepositional phrase that functions as an adjective or adverb.


Part of speech: to, at, for, on, in

Sentence: He resides in New York.

2.7. Conjunction

Conjunctions are words used to connect words, phrases, or clauses in a sentence.


Part of speech: and, or, but, before, after

Sentence: Would you prefer coffee or tea?

2.8. Interjection

Interjections are words used to express emotions and are often used in everyday communication.


Part of speech: uh, uhm, ah, wow

Sentence: Wow! This dress is pretty!

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