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30 cấu trúc Paraphrase không thể không biết khi ôn luyện thi IELTS

Với những người học IELTS, kỹ năng paraphrase là kĩ năng rất quan trọng và cần thiết để đạt điểm cao. Kĩ năng giúp bạn trong cả 4 kỹ năng, đặc biệt là trong bài Writing và Speaking. Trong bài viết này, Oxford English UK sẽ chia sẻ với các bạn 30 cấu trúc Paraphrase không thể không biết khi ôn luyện thi IELTS.

MODEL 1
Ex
:

  • Because she behaves well, everybody loves her. => Because of her good behaviour, everybody loves her.
  • Because of his bad behavior, he must be punished.  => As he behaved badly, he must be punished.

MODEL 2
Ex 

  • Although it rains, we go to school on time. => Despite / In spite of the rain, we go to school on time.
  • Despite the noise, we continued to study our lessons. => Though it was very noisy, we continued to study our lessons.

MODEL 3
Ex
:

  • The film was so good that I saw it three times. => It was such a good film that I saw it three times.
  • It is such a bad book that nobody reads it. => This book is so bad that nobody reads it.

MODEL 4
Ex
:

  • Mary is too young to get married. => Mary isn’t old enough to get married.
  • The tea was not cool enough for her to drink. => The tea was too hot for her to drink.

MODEL 5
Ex
:

  • This raincoat is so small that she can’t wear it. => This raincoat is too small for her to wear.
  • It was such an interesting novel that I read it many times. => The novel was interesting enough for me to read many
  • This question is easy enough for us to answer. => This question is so easy that we can
  • The box was too heavy for the child to carry. => It was such a heavy box that the child couldn’t carry

MODEL 6
Ex
:

  • To live on my salary must be hard. => I find it hard to live on my salary.

MODEL 7 (Câu điều kiện)
Note: 
Clause 1 + so + clause 2 = If + clause 1 … , clause2 = Clause 1 + because + clause 2 = If + clause 2 … , clause 1
Ex:

  • He can’t do the test because it is too difficult. => If the test weren’t too difficult, he could do 
  • didn’t eat anything so I was  => I wouldn’t have been hungry if I had eaten something.

MODEL 8
If …not

Note: Không được thay đổi loại điều kiện, chỉ thay đổi loại điều kiện đã cho.
Ex:

  • Unless it rains, we will  go to the movies (loại 1) =>If it doesn’t rain, we will go to the movies. (loại 1)
  • If they didn’t attend class regularly, they couldn’t understand the lesson (loại 2) =>Unless they attended class regularly, they couldn’t understand the lesson. (loại 2)

MODEL 9
Ex
:

  • Tom and Mary have been married for five years. It is five years since Tom and Mary were married.
  • I haven’t seen my father for one month. It’s one month since I last saw my father.

MODEL 10 (Câu ao ước)

Ex:

  • She won’t visit me again. => I wish she would visit me again.
  • My wife can’t speak French. => I wish my wife could speak
  • What a pity you failed in your driving test. => I wish you hadn’t failed in your driving

MODEL 11
Ex
:

  • I haven’t heard him since August. = The last time I heard him was in August.
  • I haven’t seen him since I was a student. = I last saw him when I was a student.

MODEL 12
Ex
:

  • He started working for this factory a year ago. = He has been working for this factory for a year./He has been working for this factory since last year.

MODEL 13
Ex
:

  • She typed the letter in 20 minutes. = It took her 20 minutes to type the letter.
  • I walked to my office in 10 minutes. = It took me 10 minutes to walk to my office.

MODEL 14
Ex
:

  • Tom didn’t begin to read until he was eight.= It was not until Tom was eight that he began to read.

MODEL 15 (Thể truyền khiến)
Câu chủ động
Câu bị động
Ex:

  • I will have Tom wash the car./  I will have the car washed.  /I will get Tom to wash the car. / I will get the car washed.

MODEL 16 (Câu bị động)
Ex:

  • The police is questioning him => He is being questioned by the police.

MODEL 17
Ex
:

  • My mother was the most warm-hearted person I’ve ever known. => I’ve never known a more warm-hearted person than my mother.

MODEL 18
Câu chủ động
Câu bị động
Ex:

  • They think that the owner of the house is abroad. => It is thought that the owner of the house is abroad. => The owner of the house is thought to be abroad.
  • People thought that he had died in battle.  => It was thought that he had died in battle. => He was thought to have died in battle.

MODEL 19
Ex
:

  • Susan isn’t as good at chemistry as Sarah = Sarah is better at chemistry than Suan.

MODEL 20

Ex:

  • As he grows older, he becomes increasingly cheerful = The older he grows, the more cheerful he becomes.

MODEL 21

It take sb+khoảng thời gian+to do sth = sb spend+khoảng thời gian doing sth
Ex:

  • It took her 3 hours to do her homework = She spent 3hours doing her homework

MODEL 22
Understand = to be aware of
Ex:

  • Do you understand the lesson ? Are you aware of the lesson ?

MODEL 23
To be interesting in = fond of = keen on = like
Ex:

  • She likes English = She is interesting in English

MODEL 24
Succeed in doing sth = manage to do sth
Ex:

  • We  succeed in invented television = We managed to invent television

MODEL 25
Prefer sb to do sth = Would rather sb + did sth (muốn)
Ex:

  • I prefers you not to smoke here = I’d rather you not smoked here

MODEL 26
Prefer doing sth to doing sth = would rather do sth than do sth /like doing sth better than doing sth thích làm
Ex:

  • She prefers staying at home to going out = She would rather stay at home than go out

MODEL 27
As soon as+S+V2/ed,S+V2/ed = Hardly +had+S+V3/ed+when+S+V2/ed = No sooner+had+S+V3/ed+than+S+V2/ed
Ex:

  • As soon as I left the house,he appeared = Hardly had I left the house when he appeared
  • Ta thấy mệnh đề đứng sau sau as soon as sẽ là mệnh đề sau when và sau than

MODEL 28
Ex:

  • I don’t live in the countryside = No longer do I live in the countryside/I no more live in the countryside

MODEL 29
To be not worth doing sth = There is no point in doing sth: không đáng,vô ích
Ex:

  • It is not worth making him get up early = There is no point in making him get up early

MODEL 30

Ex:

  • It seems that he will come late = It is likely that he will come late = He is likely to come late/It look as if he willcome late

 

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