30 cấu trúc Paraphrase không thể không biết khi ôn luyện thi IELTS
Với những người học IELTS, kỹ năng paraphrase là kĩ năng rất quan trọng và cần thiết để đạt điểm cao. Kĩ năng giúp bạn trong cả 4 kỹ năng, đặc biệt là trong bài Writing và Speaking. Trong bài viết này, Oxford English UK sẽ chia sẻ với các bạn 30 cấu trúc Paraphrase không thể không biết khi ôn luyện thi IELTS.
- Because she behaves well, everybody loves her. => Because of her good behaviour, everybody loves her.
- Because of his bad behavior, he must be punished. => As he behaved badly, he must be punished.
- Although it rains, we go to school on time. => Despite / In spite of the rain, we go to school on time.
- Despite the noise, we continued to study our lessons. => Though it was very noisy, we continued to study our lessons.
- The film was so good that I saw it three times. => It was such a good film that I saw it three times.
- It is such a bad book that nobody reads it. => This book is so bad that nobody reads it.
- Mary is too young to get married. => Mary isn’t old enough to get married.
- The tea was not cool enough for her to drink. => The tea was too hot for her to drink.
- This raincoat is so small that she can’t wear it. => This raincoat is too small for her to wear.
- It was such an interesting novel that I read it many times. => The novel was interesting enough for me to read many
- This question is easy enough for us to answer. => This question is so easy that we can
- The box was too heavy for the child to carry. => It was such a heavy box that the child couldn’t carry
- To live on my salary must be hard. => I find it hard to live on my salary.
MODEL 7 (Câu điều kiện)
Note: Clause 1 + so + clause 2 = If + clause 1 … , clause2 = Clause 1 + because + clause 2 = If + clause 2 … , clause 1
- He can’t do the test because it is too difficult. => If the test weren’t too difficult, he could do
- I didn’t eat anything so I was => I wouldn’t have been hungry if I had eaten something.
Note: Không được thay đổi loại điều kiện, chỉ thay đổi loại điều kiện đã cho.
- Unless it rains, we will go to the movies (loại 1) =>If it doesn’t rain, we will go to the movies. (loại 1)
- If they didn’t attend class regularly, they couldn’t understand the lesson (loại 2) =>Unless they attended class regularly, they couldn’t understand the lesson. (loại 2)
- Tom and Mary have been married for five years. It is five years since Tom and Mary were married.
- I haven’t seen my father for one month. It’s one month since I last saw my father.
MODEL 10 (Câu ao ước)
- She won’t visit me again. => I wish she would visit me again.
- My wife can’t speak French. => I wish my wife could speak
- What a pity you failed in your driving test. => I wish you hadn’t failed in your driving
- I haven’t heard him since August. = The last time I heard him was in August.
- I haven’t seen him since I was a student. = I last saw him when I was a student.
- He started working for this factory a year ago. = He has been working for this factory for a year./He has been working for this factory since last year.
- She typed the letter in 20 minutes. = It took her 20 minutes to type the letter.
- I walked to my office in 10 minutes. = It took me 10 minutes to walk to my office.
- Tom didn’t begin to read until he was eight.= It was not until Tom was eight that he began to read.
MODEL 15 (Thể truyền khiến)
Câu chủ động
Câu bị động
- I will have Tom wash the car./ I will have the car washed. /I will get Tom to wash the car. / I will get the car washed.
MODEL 16 (Câu bị động)
- The police is questioning him => He is being questioned by the police.
- My mother was the most warm-hearted person I’ve ever known. => I’ve never known a more warm-hearted person than my mother.
Câu chủ động
Câu bị động
- They think that the owner of the house is abroad. => It is thought that the owner of the house is abroad. => The owner of the house is thought to be abroad.
- People thought that he had died in battle. => It was thought that he had died in battle. => He was thought to have died in battle.
- Susan isn’t as good at chemistry as Sarah = Sarah is better at chemistry than Suan.
- As he grows older, he becomes increasingly cheerful = The older he grows, the more cheerful he becomes.
It take sb+khoảng thời gian+to do sth = sb spend+khoảng thời gian doing sth
- It took her 3 hours to do her homework = She spent 3hours doing her homework
Understand = to be aware of
- Do you understand the lesson ? Are you aware of the lesson ?
To be interesting in = fond of = keen on = like
- She likes English = She is interesting in English
Succeed in doing sth = manage to do sth
- We succeed in invented television = We managed to invent television
Prefer sb to do sth = Would rather sb + did sth (muốn)
- I prefers you not to smoke here = I’d rather you not smoked here
Prefer doing sth to doing sth = would rather do sth than do sth /like doing sth better than doing sth thích làm
- She prefers staying at home to going out = She would rather stay at home than go out
As soon as+S+V2/ed,S+V2/ed = Hardly +had+S+V3/ed+when+S+V2/ed = No sooner+had+S+V3/ed+than+S+V2/ed
- As soon as I left the house,he appeared = Hardly had I left the house when he appeared
- Ta thấy mệnh đề đứng sau sau as soon as sẽ là mệnh đề sau when và sau than
- I don’t live in the countryside = No longer do I live in the countryside/I no more live in the countryside
To be not worth doing sth = There is no point in doing sth: không đáng,vô ích
- It is not worth making him get up early = There is no point in making him get up early
- It seems that he will come late = It is likely that he will come late = He is likely to come late/It look as if he willcome late